SQL Server 2017 – VS Shell Installation Has Failed with Exit Code 1638

You may receive the following error while installing SQL Server 2017 or upgrading your SQL server from the previous version:

Microsoft SQL Server 2017 Setup

The following error has occurred:

VS Shell installation has failed with exit code 1638.

For help, click: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink?LinkID=20476&ProdName=Microsoft%20SQL%20Server&EvtSrc=setup.rll&EvtID=50000&ProdVer=14.0.1000.169&EvtType=0x5B39C8B9%25401434%25403

SQL Server 2017 - VS Shell Installation Has Failed with Exit Code 1638

Solution

This issue is caused by Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable (x86) and (x64) or Microsoft Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable (x86) and (x64) packages. During SQL Server 2017 installation, it tries to install Microsoft Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable. If you have higher version of this package, installation will be failed with above error message.

To fix this error, you need to uninstall Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable (x86) and (x64) or Microsoft Visual C++ 2015 Redistributable (x86) and (x64) from your system and then try again to install SQL server 2017.

Following are the direct link to download Microsoft Visual C++ 2017 Redistributable packages:

X64: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=746572
x86: https://go.microsoft.com/fwlink/?LinkId=746571

If you are upgrading from SQL Server 2016 to SQL Server 2017, you may receive the same error message. The above solution is still valid for upgrade as well.

Posted in SQL Server.

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